What to expect at 11+ Science

At 11+ students take 1 science paper

  • The paper is 60 minutes in length
  • 80 marks in total
  • Students will be tested on Biology, Chemistry, Physics with roughly an equal weighting between the 3.

Students will be required to work scientifically when approaching the 11+ Science paper. This means evaluating data, looking for trends, drawing conclusions and giving reasoned explanations based on scientific knowledge. They may also be required to use their prior experience of scientific experiments and apparatus to create tests and develop hypotheses. They will be familiar with the ideas of accuracy, precision, reliability, repeatability and will be able to evaluate risks when carrying our practicals.

Check out the 11+ Science syllabus for a full list of the content and skills that are assessed at this level. We advise students to print out the content list at the end of this syllabus and highlight the areas which they consider to be their weakest topics as a great place to begin their Science revision.

 
 

Biology 

The modules that students should get to grips with in order from easiest to hardest are:

  • Living processes
    • Know what the living processes that are common to all living things (Nutrition, Movement, Growth, Reproduction)
    • That these life processes are common to plants and animals
  • Green Plants
    • Identify and describe different parts of a flowering plant
    • Effects of light, air, water, and temperature on plant growth
    • Role of the leaf in producing more material for plant growth (photosynthesis)
    • Role of the roots in anchoring the plant and absorbing water and minerals
    • Parts of the plant that are involved with reproduction.
    • Life cycle of a flowering plant (pollination, fertilisation germination, seed dispersal)
  • Humans and other animals
    • Names and locations of major organs
    • Nutrition and the need for a balanced diet (fats, carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins and minerals, fibre, water)
    • The potential issues if we don't eat a balanced diet
    • The function of the skeleton
    • Observe animal movement with and without skeletons
    • Names and functions of teeth and how to care for them
    • Difference between teeth of carnivore and herbivore
    • Know the main parts of the digestive system in humans
    • Know the main stages of the human life cycle
    • Know the physical and emotional changes that happen during adolescence
  • Living things and their environment
    • To know animals can be grouped  (mammals, reptiles, birds) etc
    • To use a classification key to organise animals into groups
    • Observe that animals in different habitats 
    • Know that environments can change which can endanger animals
    • Know that some animals need protection due to loss of habitat
    • Place animals in a food chain and in a food web
    • Know the language carnivore, omnivore, herbivore, producer, consumer, predator, prey
    • Know that all energy in food chains begins with green plants (producers) which in turn get their energy from the sun.
    • To describe differences in life cycle between mammals, reptiles, birds, insects and amphibians
    • Describe sexual and a-sexual reproduction of animals and plants
    • Observe and comment on the features of animals and plants and their adaptations (size, shape, colour, behaviour)
    • To classify things into major taxonomic groups including Kingdoms (eg. know the difference between fungi and plants, insects and spiders)

Other topics that might be taught in year 6 include evolution, inheritance, the circulatory system and the breathing system. However, these are not examined at the 11+.

 

Chemistry

  • Rocks and Soils
    • Know the different types of soils (clay, sand, loam, chalk)
    • Compare different types of rock based on appearance, particle size, colour
    • Use a hand lens to work out if they have grains or crystals
    • Separating solid particles of different sizes by sieving
    • Know that fossils are formed when plants and animals are trapped under sedimentary rock 
  • States of Matter
    • Recognise differences between solid, liquid, gas in terms of ease of flow and maintenance of shape and volume. 
    • Use particle theory to explain differences between solid, liquid and gas
    • Describe changes of state using the words melting, boiling, evaporating, freezing, condensing
    • Know the role of evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and carry out a simple experiment
  • Properties and changes of material
    • Compare everyday objects using terms metal, non-metal, magnetic, non-magnetic, flexibility, hardness
    • Know about reversible changes (dissolving, melting, boiling, condensing, evaporating, freezing)
    • Know that freezing water expands and can crack pipes and cause erosion
    • Know the terms soluble, insoluble, solute, solvent, dissolving
    • Know that some substances dissolve and others don't
    • Know the factors that affect speed that something dissolves (temperature, stirring)
    • Know how to separate insoluble solids from liquids by filtering
    • Know how to recover a dissolved solid by evaporating the liquid
    • To choose a method of separation given two substances
    • Know that mass is conserved when a physical change occurs
    • Know some examples of chemical changes (making concrete, baking soda and vinegar, rusting, burning materials)
    • Know some methods to prevent rusting
    • Know that burning fuels is not-reversible (and know the term fossil fuels)
    • Know that almost all materials are made as a result of chemical reactions
  • Further properties of materials
    • Know the terms insulator and conductor and apply in a real life context
    • Know that temperature is a measure of how hot or cold something is and that the melting and boiling points of water are 0 and 100 respectively. 
    • Know the terms acid and alkali and that you can use indicators solution to work out the acidity using the pH scale
 

Physics

  • Light
    • Know that light travels from a light source
    • Know and observe that light cannot travel through some materials and this leads to shadow formation (opaque, translucent, transparent)
    • Know that light is reflected from mirrors
    • Know that we see things when light enters our eyes 
    • Draw simple ray diagrams to show light entering the eye
    • Know that light from the sun can be dangerous and can damage our eyes
  • Forces and magnets
    • Know that forces and pushed and pulls
    • Know and observe the forces of attraction and repulsion between two objects
    • Classify objects into magnetic and non-magnetic
    • Know that magnets have a north and a south pole
    • Know that some forces need to have contact whereas others, like magnets, act through a field.
    • Know about the concept of friction asa force that acts against movement between surfaces
    • Know about the affect of air resistance on a cyclist
  • Sound
    • Know that sound is caused by vibrations of particles
    • Investigate into objects that make sound through vibrations (rubber bands, drums, strings, recorder, milk bottle)
    • Know and apply the term pitch in context of different sounds
    • Know that a higher pitch means a quicker vibration of particles, a lower pitch a slower vibration of particles
    • Know that sounds get fainter with distance
    • Know that sound requires a medium to travel and that sound can't travel through a vacuum
    • Know how the ear works and that vibrations sent to the brain are interpreted as sounds
    • The dangers of loud sounds
  • Electricity
    • Know ho to construct a simple circuit with a battery and bulb in series
    • Know that some materials are better conductors than others (metal and carbon vs. plastic wood)
    • How to avoid common dangers of electricity through insulating materials
  • Earth and Space
    • Know that the Earth, Sun and Moon are spherical and use evidence to prove this.
    • Know about the relative movements of the Earth, Sun and Moon and how they result in days, years and seasons.
    • Know the position of the solar system in the wider milky way.
    • Know that gravity pulls things down to Earth
    • Know that gravity is a force which keeps the Earth orbiting around the sun and the moon around the Earth
    • Know that the Sun is the only light source in the solar system and that all light that we see from planets and moons are reflections.
  • More Forces
    • Know the unit of force is a Newton (N)
    • Know that when objects are pushed or pulled an opposite contact force can be felt
    • Draw force diagrams including push, pull, gravity (weight), friction, air resistance, drag, upthrust etc
    • Know about the uses of levers and pulleys allowing a smaller force to have a greater effect
    • Know the ways that types of frictional force effect motion
  • Further Light
    • Know how light is reflected at plane surfaces and draw diagrams to show angle of incidence and angle of reflection are equal.
    • Know that light travels in a straight line at a finite speed
    • Know why objects have the same shape as the objects that cast them and why shadows can be bigger or smaller depending on how close they are to the light source
    • Know that non-luminous objects are seen because light is reflected off of them
  • Further Electricity
    • Know that changing the number of batteries in a circuit will alter the brightness of a bulb
    • Know how to represent series circuits in diagrammatic form

Need to ask us a specific question about the 11+ Science syllabus? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation, Get in contact and we'll schedule a telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page