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7 plus English


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7 plus English


 

What can you expect at 7+ English assessment?

The English section of the 7+ is divided into  comprehension (reading)  and composition (writing). There may also be an additional test on grammar and spelling.

The assessments that are set are equivalent to level 2 and level 3 of the national curriculum. Read on to find out exactly what this means.

 
 
What incredible fun reading can be. Don't get bogged down in worksheets and comprehension exercises. Read for fun!

What incredible fun reading can be. Don't get bogged down in worksheets and comprehension exercises. Read for fun!

Comprehension

For the 7 plus, students will often be given a passage of around 200 words and will answer between 5 - 10 questions on the text. Most schools look for good understanding of the text and an ability to retrieve information from the text, writing answers in full sentences.

These comprehension tests also look for students to:

  • Infer meaning from the text - Is the student able to read between the lines? For example, if in the passage it says that 'James stomped down the stairs and slammed the door', students might be expected to infer that James was angry or upset. 
  • Make predictions based on the story so far - Is the student able to predict what might happen in the story based on the clues given so far? For example, students might be asked to write an ending or think of how characters might respond to events.
  • Sequencing - Is the student able to recount the story in the right sequence? For example, 'Did Mary go to the party and lose her scarf, or did she lose her scarf before getting to the party?' 
  • Word meaning in context - This means understanding what certain words mean in the text. For example, 'Circle the words that you think fit with the dry season: lush, bare, barren, green, dry, pleasant, hard, pleasant'. Having a good understanding of synonyms (words with the same meaning) and antonyms (words with the opposite meaning) is a useful for this type of task.

How to prepare for this? Well the best way is to read, read, read! Read everyday with your child and begin to encourage independent reading. Widening vocabulary and broadening understanding at this age needn't be a chore. Tuition at this age should focus less on directly preparing students for this exam and instead should focus on developing a love of reading and the written word. Have a look at our resources page to download some example English comprehension papers.

Students should let their imaginations take the reader on a journey.

Students should let their imaginations take the reader on a journey.

Composition

For the 7 plus assessment, most schools will ask students to complete a piece of extended writing. This will usually be a creative piece and usually schools will give a stimulus. For example:

Using one of the ideas below, write a short story:

1) The beach

2) The haunted house

So, what are they looking for? Schools are not looking for any one thing here, and criteria will depend on the specific school, so it's important not to be overly prescriptive when discussing composition. That said, there are some pointers that might be useful to remember:

  • Interesting content - Schools love to see students being imaginative! Ideally this imagination will be framed in a story which makes sense to the person reading it and abides by some of the rules of story writing in terms of introducing characters, settings or narrative in a way that is engaging.
  • Interesting vocabulary - Using interesting words (WOW words) always helps, and using lots of adjectives to describe is a step to success at this age. 
  • Well structured - Ideally the student will be writing in paragraphs which separate ideas in the story.
  • Accurate spelling, punctuation and grammar - Getting the basics right is important! Getting  So capital letters, full stops, use of commas and speech marks where necessary. Also, largely spellings will be correct, though don't worry about the occasional mis-spelled word.
  • Neat handwriting - Though not as important as the rest, it does go in a student's favour if they can have developed an ability to do 'best work' hand-writing.

The best way to prepare for this is to write for fun. At school students will get the chance to focus on writing skills on thing at a time and at home it's just fun to do some free practice rather than concerning students with paragraphing, finding WOW words or introducing more complex punctuation. Tuition can certainly help in this area if students need a little confidence boosting in their composition. To have a look at some examples of 7 plus composition tasks, go to our resources page.


Married to Grandpa.

Married to Grandpa.

Grammar and Spelling

Aside from comprehension and writing tasks, some schools may get students to complete another short task which assesses spelling and grammar. Most students will already be prepared for this kind of task with the regular weekly spellings they complete at their current schools. If you feel you may need a little extra help in this area then do get in contact.

This usually takes the form of a dictated piece of writing which students have to write down after the teacher speaks it aloud.

Click here to get a list of all of the spelling words that students should practice in year 2, or head to our resources page for 7+ grammar exercises and worksheets.

Need to ask us a specific question about the 7+ ? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation? Get in contact and we'll schedule a free telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

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7 plus Maths


7 plus Maths


 

What to expect from the 7+ Maths assessment?

Students will usually take one short Maths paper at 7+.

Phew! Thankfully, regardless of the schools you are applying to, the topics covered on these papers are almost always the same. The amount of problem solving that will be expected of students may differ depending on the school, and you can be sure that there will always be some more challenging questions at the end of the paper, but it is possible to prepare for this paper by making sure students have a firm grasp on some mathematical concepts.

All of these topics fall under level 2 to 3 on the national curriculum for mathematics

 

Using manipulatives is a fantastic way to help students that struggle with Maths.

Using manipulatives is a fantastic way to help students that struggle with Maths.

The Maths Paper

Though nothing is guaranteed to come up, getting comfortable with the following topics will certainly help:

  • Place value - units, tens, hundreds, thousands
  • Addition and subtraction - column method and mental method
  • Multiplication and division - both written method and number facts
  • Inverse operations - for example, knowing that 3 + 2 = 5 shows the same relationship as 5 - 2 = 3
  • Telling the time - using both analogue, digital and 24 hour clock
  • Calculations with Money and time - problem solving using real life examples
  • Symmetry - knowing and identifying symmetry in shapes
  • Shapes and angles knowing and identifying names of shapes and angles
  • Measure - using a ruler understanding that there are 100 cm in 1 metre, 1000 ml in 1 litre.
  • Reading scales - for example, knowing how much liquid is in a measuring jug.
  • Substitution - for example, if x + 3 = 7. What does x = ?
  • Reading and completing tables - understanding basic bar charts or pictograms
  • Problem solving - this could involve any of the topics above and might be 2 or 3 step problems.

For worksheets, resources and exam papers that include all of these topics, go to our 7 + resources page


Need to ask us a specific question about the 7+ ? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation? Get in contact and we'll schedule a free telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

 
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7 plus Verbal Reasoning


7 plus Verbal Reasoning


 

What to expect from 7+ Verbal Reasoning

Verbal reasoning at this age amounts to a handful of different types of question. Put simply, it's about understanding and manipulating words.  

The type of Verbal Reasoning questions that can be asked is limited, and so it's possible to prepare and practice for this type of assessment. However, as we are dealing with words rather than anything else, being a confident reader with wide vocabulary will make a big difference. So, as with English, if student's are regular readers, they will find this section much easier.

 

Always work in pencil

Always work in pencil

What type of Verbal Reasoning questions are there at 7+?

Every type of verbal reasoning question that could come up is listed here:

  • Find the letter that can go at the start of one word and at the end of another. For example:
    • dru ( ) eat
      • The answer in this example is. M. Making drum and meat

 

  • Underlining the two words most similar in meaning. For example:
    • hair, eye       shoe, trainer        walk, balloon
      • The answer in this example is shoe, trainer because both of these things go on your feet. They are the most similar.

 

  • Rearranging muddled letters so the sentence makes sense. For example:
    • It was THO so we TAS in the shade.
      • The answer here is, It was hot so we sat in the shade.

 

  • Following a pattern, changing letters in a word in order to make a new word. Sounds complicated right? It's actually not too bad. For example:
    • FIE, FOE      DIE, DOE      TIE,  .....
      • The answer here is TOE as we have been exchanging I for O in each word to make a new word.

 

  • Picking the most sensible word to complete a sentence. For example:
    • The elephant was busy (laughing, eating, flying).
      • The answer here is 'flying'.... no only, joking. It's eating of course.

 

  • Using a word code, to write new words. For example:
    • In a code KITCHEN is written 1 3 5 7 9 4 8. How would you write NET?
      • The answer for this is 8 4 5

 

  • Writing words in alphabetical order. For example:
    • NEAT, NICE, NERD
      • The answer here is NEAT, NERD, NICE

Need to ask us a specific question about the 7+ ? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation? Get in contact and we'll schedule a free telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

 
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7 plus Non-Verbal Reasoning


7 plus Non-Verbal Reasoning


 

What to expect from 7 + non-verbal reasoning?

Non-Verbal reasoning can look like an ancient hieroglyphic script that needs to be deciphered, or like something from the film Arrival. 

As with anything there are a set number of rules to these types of assessment, and with practice they become fun puzzles to be cracked rather than headaches in picture form. This type of assessment is all about reasoning without words, so its all about coming to conclusions based on the pictures and sequences that are presented visually. Sounds cryptic? Well have a look below to get a better idea

 

Which is the odd one out?

Which is the odd one out?

What type of NVR questions are there at 7+?

All the possible questions types that can come up are listed here. If you want more NVR practice papers for your child then head to our resources page. 

 

odd one out questions

Straight forward, though with differing degrees of difficulty. For example:

1) Easier

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2) Harder

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3) Challenge

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The answers to these are b, d and c.


Series questions

Simply complete the sequence. With these questions you have to find the next logical picture based on the previous pictures. For example:

1) Easier

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2) Harder

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3) Challenge

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The answers for these are d, a and e. 


Similarity Questions

With these you have to find the picture which is most similar to the other pictures that you have been shown. For example:

1) Harder

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The answer to this one is e. Because the small shape inside is the same as the big shape.


Analogy questions

Sounds worse than it is... With these questions you have to say which picture completes the second pair. Verbally speaking this would be like saying Dog is to Bone as Cat is to..... any ideas? Here is a picture to help

1) Easier

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2) Harder

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The answer to that first one is c. Fin is to Fish as Wing is to Bird

The answer to the second is dI'm looking for a shape that is made up of 4 of the original pieces and has the same sized black ball in the middle. The second shape has been made by rotating the original piece clockwise.


Matrix questions

Again, sounds harder than it is. You don't have to be Neo to understand these. Just find the missing square of a matrix.

1) Easier 

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2) Harder

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The answers to these are d and c. The second one might require you to look pretty closely!


Story sequence questions 

These involve picking the right picture from a set to tell the next logical step in a story. For example:

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For anyone that has ever made an omelette they will recognise the next logical step here is the to put the eggs in the pan. So the answer is b. 


Code questions

These questions require students to break code and then use it to decipher what the code for a new picture might be. For example:

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With this question you can deduce a few things. 

Firstly, we can conclude that the diagonal line must = K... because that is the only similar thing in the 2nd and 3rd triangles.

....so the horizontal line must = D

....so the empty triangle must = S 

So the second letter must denote the type of shape that floats above the triangle. I'm looking for a white square, which by looking at the first triangle I know must be D.

Therefore the code for the last triangle is SD. Make sense? For more questions like this and all other types you see above, head to our resources page.


Need to ask us a specific question about the 7+ ? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation? Get in contact and we'll schedule a free telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

 
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7 plus Interview days


7 plus Interview days


 

What to expect at the 7+ interview

Different schools have different methods of 'interviewing' students, but most will conduct some sort of informal interview with prospective students or will set group tasks and observe how children interact when attempting to problem solve. We wouldn't advise much formal 'preparation' for these types of assessment, and would encourage students to express themselves truthfully, to communicate clearly and to listen to others and work collaboratively if asked. Below is a list of suggestions that may encourage students to practice these skills.

 
 
Don't be the great spectator. Get involved

Don't be the great spectator. Get involved

Role Play

A great way of engaging students with interview style questions is to switch places. Come up with a set of questions that they would like to ask you, maybe offering some of your own suggestions so to. Then get your child to be the interviewer. Recording this role play is always fun for posterity too! 

By switching roles students develop greater confidence in this 'interview' scenario and will begin to naturally make eye contact and offer responses that are not just one word answers. All in all this is great fun and allows lots of interesting discussion to take place. For some ideas for questions to ask scroll in this role play, scroll down to the bottom of this page.


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reading a passage

Students are often asked to read and respond to a passage at interview. The passage usually a short comprehension piece, and then questions will be similar to comprehension style questions, only the assessment is looking specifically at verbal fluency and the students ability to think critically and flexibly discuss new texts.

The best way to prepare for this is... yup, you guessed it, regular reading time! Try and discuss as many aspects of the story as you can after reading sections; the characters; the setting; the main message of the story; how books make you feel; the language used and make predictions about what could happen next. Did they enjoy the story? If not as much as yesterdays,  then why not? All of these gentle questions during reading time can help students develop confidence when talking about books.


Often schools will play games to see how students interact

Often schools will play games to see how students interact

team games

Playing games as pairs or in bigger teams really helps students develop the language and behaviour of 'teamwork'. So much of how students respond in these situations is dependent on natural character traits and how they combine and relate to other students in a group. With some practice, discussing ideas in a group, listening to everyone and making decisions can become much easier.

Have a look at these 8 games for building teamwork. Not only are they great fun, but they encourage students to work towards a common goal. We periodically run critical thinking workshops for ages 6 - 11 where some of these games are included, so if you are interested do get in touch and we will let you know next time we are running this session.

...and don't worry if you haven't got the numbers to play these games. Organising play dates and providing activities which promote sharing are just as good at promoting these sensibilities.


No questions will be made of flowers.

No questions will be made of flowers.

Key questions

  • Tell me about your family
  • What did you like most about your last school?
  • What do you like about this school? Why do you want to come here?
  • What would you like to do when you are older?
  • What are you reading at the moment?
  • What is your favourite book? Why did you like it so much?
  • What do you like to do with your free time? Do you have any hobbies?
  • Have you been on holiday recently? Tell me about it.
  • If you could visit anywhere in the world, where would you go? Why?
  • If you were given a magic invisibility ring, what would you do with it?
  • Which superhero are you most like?
  • Are there any current events you are interested in?
  • Do you know any jokes?
  • What are you most proud of? 
  • Bring in an object to talk about.

Need to ask us a specific question about the 7+ ? Or just want to talk to someone free of charge about your child's situation? Get in contact and we'll schedule a free telephone consultation.

If you want to organise a tutorial but want to know what price options there are, go to our Cost of Tuition Page

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7 plus Resources


7 plus Resources


This part of our website is currently being updated. Stay tuned for a brand new resources page very soon.